Pivot Points Identify Critical Information for Traders
Traders routinely make use of technical analysis tools to better understand market activity. One such measure routinely used by forex traders, share traders, and options traders alike is Pivot Points. These are important indicators for day traders since they are powerful indicators of support and resistance levels.
One of many reasons cited by traders for the high utility value of this signal is the objectivity provided by this strategy. Traders needn’t worry about manually plotting out support and resistance levels since Pivot Points automatically reflect such levels. In order to understand the importance of the Pivot Points strategy, it is worth pointing out that floor traders typically base the current day’s anticipated activity on the previous day’s trading performance.
These popular day trading indicators are made up of multiple support and resistance levels, and the objective is to calculate intraday TPs (turning points) in the market. This technical analysis indicator can be extrapolated to understand general market trends over different time frames. The actual Pivot Point is simply an average of the high and low for the day, as well as the previous day’s closing price.
If trading activity on the new day moves above the pivot point, expectations of bullish market sentiment ensue. If trading below the pivot point ensues, market activity is deemed bearish. The pivot point itself is one of many levels that is evaluated and used to determine when prices will meet support or resistance. If pricing extends beyond these pivot point levels, traders immediately understand that a trend is developing.
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Calculation of PPs
The standard Pivot Points indicator that is available on most trading platforms consists of 7 lines: 3 support lines (S1, S2 and S3), 3 resistance lines (R1, R2 and R3) and 1 Pivot Point (PP). The PP acts as a reference point and is used in the computation of the other lines.
Here is the formula for calculating standard Pivot Points:
PP = (High + Low + Close)/3
S1 = (PP * 2) – High
S2 = PP – (High – Low)
S3 = Low – 2(High – PP)
R1 = (PP * 2) – Low
R2 = PP + (High – Low)
R3 = High + 2(PP – Low)
The above is the formula for calculating standard Pivot Points and it uses the High, Low and Close prices of the previous trading period. There are other variations of Pivot Points used by investors, but they all derive support and resistance lines that are watched for trading opportunities.
Here are the formulas for other Pivot Point variations:
PP = (H + L + 2C) / 4
R2 = PP + High – Low
R1 = (2 X PP) – Low
S1 = (2 X PP) – High
S2 = PP – High + Low
As the calculations show, Woodie Pivot Points give more weight to the previous closing price when deriving the PP.
PP = (H + L + C) / 3
R4 = C + ((H-L) x 1.5000)
R3 = C + ((H-L) x 1.2500)
R2 = C + ((H-L) x 1.1666)
R1 = C + ((H-L) x 1.0833)
S1 = C – ((H-L) x 1.0833)
S2 = C – ((H-L) x 1.1666)
S3 = C – ((H-L) x 1.2500)
S4 = C – ((H-L) x 1.5000)
Where C = Closing Price, H = High and L = Low
As the calculations show, Camarilla Pivot Points focus more on the previous closing price rather than the PP. All support and resistance lines are derived using a multiplier, with the basic philosophy of Camarilla Pivot Points being that prices will tend to revert to the mean.
PP = (H + L + C) / 3
R3 = PP + ((High – Low) x 1.000)
R2 = PP + ((High – Low) x .618)
R1 = PP + ((High – Low) x .382)
S1 = PP – ((High – Low) x .382)
S2 = PP – ((High – Low) x .618)
S3 = PP – ((High – Low) x 1.000)
Fibonacci PP are calculated in the same way as standard Pivot Points. The support and resistance levels are then derived by multiplying previous period ranges (High – Low) with corresponding Fibonacci trading, such as 38.2%. 61.8% and 100%.
Reading Pivot Points
PP provide a trend bias; prices above the PP imply a bullish bias; while prices below PP denote a bearish bias. The support and resistance lines provide definitive areas where traders will watch out for price action objectively.
This means that the lines can provide traders with trade entry and exit points. PPs are pretty accurate and relevant because they use previous period price action to forecast probable current price behaviour.
Trading with Pivot Points
As mentioned, Pivot Points show trend direction as well as provide definitive areas to watch for demand and supply. As a trend indicator, Pivot Points aid primarily in sentimental analysis. Prices above PP indicate a bullish sentiment, while prices below PP indicate a bearish sentiment in the market.
Aside from trend bias, Pivot Points (as support and resistance lines) are traded using two strategies: Bounces and Breakouts.
When trading bounces, traders wait for the price to literally bounce off the pivot lines. By waiting for a bounce off of a support or resistance pivot line, traders get the necessary confirmation before placing a buy or sell order in the market. Traders can go long when prices bounce off support lines, or they can go short when prices bounce off resistance lines.
Still, support and resistance lines do not hold forever; which is why pivot lines can also be used to trade breakouts. It is important to watch out for price action around the pivot lines. As a rule of thumb, the more a pivot line (support or resistance) is tested, the weaker it becomes. A breakout, therefore, illustrates that the price has gained momentum in the direction of the new trend. For instance, if the price is above the PP, and manages to break above R1, traders can place aggressive buy orders with anticipation of a momentous bull trend.
When trading, Pivot Points can also be used to place objective stop loss and take profit levels. For instance, when prices are above PP, resistance lines can act as objective Take Profit orders, whereas Stop Losses can be placed below support lines.
When using Pivot Points, it is important to understand that support and resistance lines are action areas. When watching the lines, it is important to trade after confirmation is received. Pivot Points can be used together with the Fibonacci tool, candlestick patterns such as pin bars and Marubozu, as well as indicators such as Oscillators that will provide a confluence of signals for high probability trades.
Trading with Pivot Points at AvaTrade
Here is why you should trade with the powerful and effective Pivot Points indicator at AvaTrade:
- Licensed and Regulated. AvaTrade has achieved regulatory approval in 5 jurisdictions across the world.
- Numerous Indicators. PPs deliver quality, high probability signals when combined with other indicators. AvaTrade has a selection of over 150 indicators you can combine with PPs to enhance your trade analysis.
- Advanced Trading Platforms. AvaTrade’s platforms have advanced charting capabilities to allow for the accurate plotting of pivot lines for efficient trading.
- Demo Account. AvaTrade offers a free demo account so traders can try out strategies, such as Pivot Points, in the market without any monetary risks.
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How Do We Know What Pivot Points Mean for Trading Purposes?
Let’s say you’re trading gold bullion on the Australian Securities Exchange at a spot price of AU$2,156 per ounce. If the price of gold bullion trades above its pivot point, it is fair to assume that bullish sentiment is the order of the day. However, if the price of gold starts trading below the pivot point, we can safely assume that the day is bearish.
As a trader, you will invariably see several levels associated with PPs. These include S1, S2, R1, and R2. Simply put, these refer to Support Level I, Support Level II, Resistance Level I, and Resistance Level II. It’s interesting to point out that the formula used to determine Pivot Points is the sum of (high + low + closing price)/3.
Naturally, the pricing is from the previous trading day. Traders extrapolate data from the previous day, hoping to understand key support and resistance levels, trading trends and other technical data. Assuming it’s Tuesday morning, you’re bright-eyed, bushy-tailed and ready to trade. If you are a proponent of Pivot Points, you would take the high, low, and closing price from Monday’s trading session, divide it all by 3, and use that value as the pivot level for the present day. That level is known as the Pivot level, and it is associated with S1, S2, R1 and R2.
Pivot points are calculated by averaging the numerical value of an asset’s high, low, and closing price.
Pivot Point traders utilise an easy-to-understand system known as the 5-Point System. This takes into consideration the high, low, and closing price of the asset, support levels I & II, as well as resistance levels I & II. Generating profits off Pivot Points is a simple matter of identifying support and resistance areas. Perhaps you’re tracking the prices of popular ASX 200 components like Commonwealth Bank, BHP Billiton Ltd, or National Australia Bank? You may want to use pivot points to help you in your trading decisions.
If these securities are trading above their pivot point, they are deemed bullish. Shares trading below their pivot point are considered bearish. The S1, S2, R1, R2 levels help to set parameters for profit-taking or stop loss. Take-profit orders automatically sell the security when a resistance level is reached, and stop-loss orders sell the security once its price falls beneath a support level.
Of course, all of this must be viewed within a specific timeframe. Depending on the charts you are studying, you may see a 1-Day Chart reflecting multiple Pivot Point levels, or a 1-Hour chart reflecting limited pivot points. Our frame of reference is influenced by the types of charts we are looking at, and the timeframe can skew our judgement. As a technical analysis tool, pivot points are terrific indicators for observing price levels.
Why Pivot Points Are Indispensable in Life and in Trading Activity
‘A car’s pivot point is the fixed point around which the automobile rotates while it is turning.’
Many traders wonder which pivot points are the best to use. As with other indicators, there is no one size fits all approach to employ. Trading gurus recommend combining your chosen pivot point with other technical indicators like Relative Strength Index (RSI), candlestick charts, and Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD). Fortunately, you won’t have to worry too much! Many popular trading programmes automatically include Pivot Points as part of the package.
Pivot Point indicators on software programmes automatically plot these levels on charts for you. As soon as these technical indicators are represented on a chart, support and resistance levels come into play. Remember: The horizontal price levels above a pivot point are resistance levels indicated by R1, R2, or R3 et cetera. The horizontal price levels below a pivot point are known as support levels, represented by S1, S2, or S3 et cetera.
Pivot levels will vary from one trading day to the next. Now that you understand a little more about it, let’s look at some ways that you can trade financial instruments like the AUD/USD currency pair by using PPs to help you.
- Always short the asset when the price bounces from R1, or R2
- Always go long if the price bounces from S1, or S2
- Be bearish (sell) if the price falls below the main pivot point
- Be bullish (buy) if the price rises above the main pivot point
There will always be a whipsaw activity with financial instruments. Prices will rise, prices will fall, and prices will consolidate. This is normal. However, help you to determine exactly where important price levels are based on the previous day’s high, low, and closing price. You will be able to see price reversals around pivot points, given that these are important barriers to breach.
If you decide to carry over a trade from one day to the next, be advised that your PPs will have to be readjusted. Make sense?
Main Pivot Points Trading Strategies FAQ
What are Pivot Points?Pivot Points are used to predict the support and resistance levels in trading sessions for financial markets. These support and resistance levels are then used to determine entry and exits from positions, as well as where to place stop loss orders and where to place limit orders to take profits. In general when the market is trading above the pivot point it indicates bullish market sentiment, and when it trades below the pivot point it is bearish market sentiment.
How do you trade with Pivot Points?Pivot points can be used by traders in two different ways. The first is for determining the broader market trend. This is useful because it lets a trader know whether market sentiment is bullish or bearish. The second way is in determining suitable entry and exit points in trades. These come from the support and resistance levels indicated by the Pivot Points. Traders can make the signals given by Pivot Points even more accurate by combining this indicator with others such as moving averages or the MACD.
Which Pivot Points are best for day trading?The Pivot Points are calculated using the previous day’s high, low, and close and don’t change throughout the trading session. The basic pivot point in the middle is the most important as it sets the level at which the market is equilibrium. Above this level indicates bullishness and below it indicates bearishness. Because day trading typically looks to capture smaller moves the R1 and S1 levels are most important as resistance and support. The R2 and S2 levels can also be considered quite important as they denote where breakouts are likely to occur.
Now that you know what PPs are all about,
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** Disclaimer – While due research has been undertaken to compile the above content, it remains an informational and educational piece only. None of the content provided constitutes any form of investment advice.